“But the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.”

Daniel 11:32

A Simple Timeline (All Dates Before Christ (B.C.))

526 Nebuchadnezzar

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel


456 Cyrus sends Jews back

Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi


323 Alexander dies – 4 rule


175 Antiochus IV reigns


165 Judas Maccabees wins


63 Romans take Judea


Antiochus Epiphanes

Antiochus IV began rule (175)


Epiphanes = the Illustrious


Epimanes = the Madman


High priest as political office


Sought to Hellenize the Jews


Jewish religion a threat


Defeat in Egypt enraged him


Died suddenly by illness at 51


Who are Maccabees?

Mattathias was faithful priest.


Hashman of Joarib (I Ch 24:7)


Sons: John, Simon, Judas,

Eleazar, and Jonathan


Judas Maccabee began name


Judas rebelled, purged temple


John Hyrcanus from Simon


Hasmoneans ruled to Herod


Book of Maccabees

I Maccabees / II Maccabees


History of the Hasmoneans


History of Maccabean Revolt


Apocrypha = Uninspired


Apocrypha = Historical Help


Apocrypha = Josephus


In King James for help only


Not part of inspired scripture


Another Timeline (All Dates Before Christ (B.C.))

175 Antiochus takes throne


175- Hellenization pressed


170 Priesthood sold, forced


168 Temple profaned


167 Mattathias revolted


166 Judas replaced father


165 Temple rededicated


164 Antiochus dead at 51



Tore down Jerusalem walls


Slaughtered many Jews


Destroyed the scriptures


Used prostitutes in temple


Death for circumcision, etc.


Flogged Eleazar for refusal


Mother and 7 kids for refusal


Zeus on altar with pig offering


Daniel 8

Latter Greek kings (20-22)


Whole chapter before Rome


Chapter 7 unrelated (popes)


Chapter 9 unrelated (Messiah)


See one of 4 kingdoms (8-9)


Defied temple worship (9-12)


To last for 2300 days (13-14)


Antiochus Epiphanes (23-25)


Daniel 11

Daniel’s people (10:14; 12:7)


Beginning with Persia (11:2)


Ending with 70 A.D. (12:1,7)


King of North = Seleucid king


King of South = Ptolemy king


Easy! Syria is north of Egypt!


11:21-32 is Antiochus


11:32-35 is Maccabees


What is Hanukkah?


Jewish holiday near Christmas


Falls in late Nov – early Dec


Eight-day Feast of Lights


Why? Celebrate Maccabees!


Started? By Judas in 165 B.C.


In the Bible? In John 10:22!


John 10:22

And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.


Moses commanded 3 feasts.


Passover is in the spring (Mar/Apr).


Weeks, or Pentecost, is spring (May/June).


Tabernacles is in the fall (Sep/Oct).


This feast was in the winter.


This feast was of dedication.


Hanukkah of the Maccabees!


Jesus visited during this feast.


Hebrews 11:32-38

Paul’s “Hall of Faith” is chronological.


Paul wrote 100 yrs after Hasmoneans.


“Women” allows many others (32,35).


Out of weakness were made strong?


Waxed valiant in fight?


Turned to flight the armies of aliens?


Tortured, not accepting deliverance?


Cruel mockings and scourgings?


They were sawn asunder?


Being destitute, afflicted, tormented?



  1. Learn the whole Bible, even Daniel 8 and 11; John 10; and Hebrews 11.
  2. Fulfilled prophecy exalts God (Is 44:6-8).
  3. Jesus is greatest Deliverer, far superior to Maccabees, Moses, Joshua, David, etc.
  4. Save from all kinds of errors, both prophetic and practical e.g. SDA’s, JW’s.
  5. National days can be good, as our nearby Thanksgiving Day. Use it to God’s glory.
  6. Do you have exploits for God? Be strong.
  7. We have cloud of witnesses (Heb 12:1-4).
  8. We face the perilous times (II Tim 3:1-5).

For Further Study

  1. Sermon Outline: (see links) Daniel 8
  2. Understanding Daniel 11 (see links)
  3. Sermon Outline: Daniel’s 2300 Days 
  4. Philip Mauro’s “Seventy Weeks ” 
  5. Read conservative commentaries as Poole, Henry, Gill, Barnes, etc.
  6. Read conservative Bible dictionaries
  7. Read I and II Maccabees
  8. Read “Antiquities” by Josephus
  9. Google search any names / events