Sermon on the Mount #1
Introduction and Beatitudes of the greatest sermon from 5:1-12.
- The pure religion of Jesus Christ – the whole words of Jesus Christ – the doctrine according to godliness.
- When great multitudes followed Him, Jesus did not preach John 3:16 but rather this sermon of holiness.
- The disciples that came to him were more than just the 12 or 70, for they are called people (5:1; 7:28).
- Jesus showed it does not matter where you preach or from what position, but rather what you preach.
- Rejected by the Jewish leadership that knew of Him at 12, He preached a message of righteousness to all.
- The ideas of the nature and purpose of this sermon are confused, which should be known before starting.
- Some teach that Jesus set aside the Law of Moses and established a new standard of righteousness.
- Some teach this is the gospel of the kingdom and applies primarily to some future Jewish millennium.
- We believe this is the Lord Jesus Christ confirming and defending Moses’ Law against the Pharisees.
- The sermon is very practical, covering topics from sexual thoughts to swearing to savings to enemies.
- If you have any thoughts of being a Christian, here is the longest single discourse of His radical religion.
- Ignore or neglect this sermon to your own peril, for these laws and commandments will judge you soon.
- Nine individual blessings with the last two being of the same nature.
- 1. Supreme blessedness. 2. A declaration or ascription of special blessedness.
- These nine character traits of the members of His kingdom and citizens of heaven should judge you.
- This is no sissified religion of an effeminate compromiser. This is the religion of the King of kings.
- These nine character traits run totally contrary to the thinking and programs of the world around us.
POOR IN SPIRIT
- They are blessed with a promise of His kingdom now and heaven to come.
- The natural man cries, “Blessed are the rich, for theirs is the kingdom of the world.”
- The poverty described here has nothing to do with financial poverty, but rather poverty of spirit.
- Poor in spirit knows you are nothing before God and men, having nothing to offer or please Him.
- Most religion is geared to uplift and make proud, rather than abase and make humble before God.
- It is not mere worthlessness as all men, but rather the consciousness of worthlessness.
- This is not a new standard of righteousness for those that knew the Bible (Pr 16:19; Is 57:15; 66:2).
- The Pharisee and the publican illustrate the difference in spirits of men (Luke 18:9-14).
- When the righteous stand before Jesus Christ, they will show their poverty of spirit (Luke 18:9-14).
- When the self-righteous stand before Him, they will show their rich and proud spirit (7:21-23).
- They are blessed with a promise of comfort in His kingdom now and in heaven to come.
- The natural man cries, “Blessed are the happy and carefree, for theirs is the kingdom.”
- Most contemporary, seeker-sensitive, and self-esteem worship this morning will be to promote joy.
- The Christian world caters to a pleasure-mad church that only mourns when it cannot have its way.
- Are not blessedness and mourning opposites? Only a child of God can understand this.
- Are not blessedness and joy opposites? Only a child of God can understand this.
- Jesus did not bless just any mourning, for the world mourns when they get caught or have to work.
- Mourning is godly sorrow and grieving for sin that results in repentance and zeal for righteousness.
- We are exhorted to afflict ourselves, mourn, and weep in forsaking our sins (James 4:8-9).
- Do you appreciate persons and things for the poverty and mourning they produce in you?
- This was not a new standard, for it had been prophesied of the Messiah (Is 40:1-2; 52:7-10; 61:1-3).
- Note the comfort a sinful woman received from Christ after mourning for her sins (Luke 7:37-50).
- Lazarus was comforted in heaven, while the rich man was tormented in hell (Luke 16:22-25).
- Do you have … or have you ever had … the broken and contrite heart of a mourner (Ps 51:17)?
- They are blessed with a promise of inheriting the earth, in a spiritual sense now and heaven later.
- Gentle, courteous, kind. Free from haughtiness and self-will; piously humble and submissive; patient and unresentful under injury and reproach.
- The natural man cries, “Blessed are the strong and independent, for they shall inherit the earth.”
- The flesh and the world strive to be tough, hard, proud, selfish, demanding, resentful, and vengeful.
- Meekness is related to lowliness, longsuffering, and forebearance (Eph 4:1-3; Col 3:12-13).
- Meekness is contrasted with envying and strife and related to gentleness (James 3:13-18).
- Do you suffer being offended and defrauded? Or do you fight it (I Cor 13:4-7; 6:7)?
- Can you take correction? Can you pass over a transgression? Can you be slighted for public honor?
- Abraham (Gen 13:5-9), Moses (Numbers 12:3), and Jesus Christ were meek (Matt 11:29).
- This was not a new standard, for it had been taught long before (Psalm 37:11; Zephaniah 2:3).
- Women should be meek and quiet (I Peter 3:4).
- It takes much more strength to respond meekly to most situations than it does to respond with anger.
HUNGER AND THIRST AFTER RIGHTEOUSNESS
- They are blessed with a promise of having their appetite fully satisfied.
- The natural man hungers and thirsts after sensual pleasure and satisfaction in this world.
- The Christian world today is hungering and thirsting for pleasure, happiness, activity, fulfillment.
- This hungering and thirsting is after both legal and practical righteousness.
- Jesus will emphasize this again when giving us our priority for life (6:33).
- Paul himself did all that he could to lay hold of legal righteousness in Christ (Phil 3:8-11).
- Then he pressed forward to achieve the maximum degree of practical righteousness (Phil 3:12-14).
- Paul exhorted Timothy to follow after practical righteousness (I Tim 6:11; II Tim 2:22).
- The gospel reveals righteousness (Rom 1:17), teaches righteousness, and promises it (II Tim 4:8).
- They are blessed with a promise of obtaining mercy themselves from God and men.
- The natural man cries, “No one else is going to protect you, so you had better protect yourself,” or, “I have to look out for number one.”
- Forbearance and compassion shown by one person to another who is in his power and who has no claim to receive kindness. Disposition to forgive or show compassion.
- There is no virtue or reward in being hard, when it comes to personal offences or affronts to you.
- If we are to obtain mercy, we must show mercy (James 2:13; Matthew 7:2; Luke 6:36-37).
- Mercy is shown by deferring anger and passing over a transgression against you (Pr 19:11; 17:9).
- Do you show mercy with cheerfulness (Rom 12:8)? Are you excited to show mercy to others?
- The good Samaritan showed mercy (Luke 10:37).
- Mercy is related to kindness, longsuffering, forbearance, and forgiveness (Col 3:12-14).
- Are you merciful to your spouse? Your children? Your boss? Your employees? Church members?
PURE IN HEART
- They are blessed with a promise of seeing God both spiritually now and in heaven itself.
- The natural man puts on an outward show that deceives most other men, but it never deceives God.
- The natural man makes excuses for himself by denying your ability to know his heart.
- Purity of heart separates the carnal and outward religion of man from the spiritual religion of God.
- The perilous times of the last days are when Christians have only a form of godliness (II Tim 3:5).
- Men often clean up their outward conduct, but they are whited sepulchers of dead men’s bones.
- Jesus Christ measures the motives and affections in religion (Ps 51:6; I Sam 16:7; Heb 4:12).
- He orders us to remember, repent, and do the first works to restore first love (Rev 2:5).
- Head religion is the form of worship that emphasizes the words of doctrine in a creed.
- Hand religion is the form of worship that emphasizes the observance of rules.
- Speech indicates what is in your heart (Matt 12:34; Prov 22:11; Col 4:6).
- We are to work at purifying our hearts (James 4:8; Ps 51:10; II Cor 7:1).
- You will never see God without holiness, and it begins in your heart (Heb 12:14).
- They are blessed with a promise of being called the children both now and in the last day.
- The natural man values pride, self-defense, self-vindication, and “principle” over peace.
- The natural man would much rather argue, criticize, defend himself, or strive than make peace.
- The natural man would much rather avoid getting involved than help to mediate those at war.
- Making peace is an important part of the gospel (Rom 12:16-21; I Thess 5:13-15; Eph 4:1-3).
- You should be as peaceful as you possibly can be (Rom 12:18).
- The wisdom from above is first pure then peaceable (Jas 3:17-18).
- Bitterness is totally contrary to the gospel of Jesus Christ (Heb 12:11-16).
- The good life awaits those who will seek peace (I Pet 3:8-13).
- If the Lord came today, would He find you in peace (II Pet 3:14)?
PERSECUTED FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS SAKE
- They are blessed with a promise of His kingdom now and heaven to come.
- The natural man and the contemporary Christian can only imagine popularity and prosperity.
- But the true citizens of Zion are persecuted, for they godly lives in Christ Jesus (II Tim 3:12).
- Jesus warned His apostles that they could not escape this familiar mark of Him (John 15:20).
- You are called not only to believe on Him but also to suffer for Him (Phil 1:29).
- The key here is not merely persecution, but persecution for righteousness (I Pet 2:18-21).
- Let the world think you strange, as long as you are not running to excess with them (I Pet 4:1-5).
- Some will pervert the gospel of Christ to avoid persecution, but we will not (Gal 6:12).
- It is the stony ground that cannot bear fruit under persecution (Matt 13:21; Prov 24:10).
- There is great comfort in these words of Jesus Christ for those already suffering persecution.
PERSECUTED FOR JESUS CHRIST’S SAKE
- They are blessed with a promise of great reward in heaven and similarity to the prophets.
- While the connection here emphasizes ministers, it applies to every one suffering for Christ.
- While the world worships popularity and prosperity, the gospel of Christ rewards persecution.
- If you live a godly life in Christ and stand for His doctrine, you will be persecuted (II Tim 3:12).
- You must measure yourself by these character traits of the children of God today.
- You will be measured by them in a day that is soon approaching.
- Do you have only a head religion of knowledge of doctrine and know nothing of this religion?
- Do you have only a hand religion of outward conduct and know nothing of this religion?
- Humble yourself beneath the mighty hand of God and beg the Lord Jesus Christ for forgiveness.