What are the five spheres of authority?

The source of all authority is God Himself, Who is the absolute and supreme Ruler of the universe and all creatures in it. But He has assigned authority to parents (Eph 6:1-3), to civil rulers (Rom 13:1-7), to employers (Eph 6:5-8), to husbands (Eph 5:22-24), and to pastors (Heb 13:7). If these five positions of authority are obeyed and honored, there can be great peace, productivity, and prosperity. When they are compromised, trouble is certain to follow.

For further study of the Christian and authority:

Ordinance of Authority